Whooping Crane

All the Whooping Cranes in the World 2022

SPECIES: Grus americana

HEIGHT: ~ 152 cm, 5 ft

WEIGHT: ~ 7 – 8 kg; 15 – 17 lb

POPULATION: 836 (captive and wild)

TREND: Increasing

STATUS: IUCN: EN; ESA: E, EX; Cites Appendix I


Adults – red patch on forehead, black mustache and legs, black wing tips visible in flight; juveniles – cinnamon-brown feathers

Did you see a banded Whooping Crane? Click here to report your sighting.


Two distinct migratory populations summer in northwestern Canada and central Wisconsin and winter along the Gulf Coast of Texas and the southeastern United States, respectively. Small, non-migratory populations live in central Florida and coastal Louisiana.

View the Where are the Whoopers interactive map to view the last known location of cranes in the Eastern Migratory Population. AND take a tour through our interactive story map and learn about a few of our favorite locations for viewing cranes in the United States.

Whooping Crane range map


Plant tubers, blue crabs, small mammals, amphibians, reptiles, insects.


Loud, whoop-whoop! Listen to Whooping Crane calls:

Contact Call | A soft, purring call expressing reassurance and location.

Guard Call | A sharp, single call expressing alarm.

Unison Call | A duet performed by a pair, to strengthen their bond and protect their territory.


Loss or deterioration of critical wetland habitat – including reduced fresh water on wintering grounds in Texas, sea-level rise, low genetic diversity, power line collisions, predation, disturbance at nest sites, and illegal shootings.


With creativity and dedication, we are bringing the Whooping Crane back from the brink of extinction. Click on the links below to explore how we are protecting Whooping Cranes and learn how YOU can get involved:

Learn more about Whooping Cranes:

Mirande CM, Harris JT, editors. 2019. Crane Conservation Strategy. Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA: International Crane Foundation.